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Tyl-Sjok is an artificial isolating language with mono- and bisyllabic stems and a totally regular grammar using a fixed word order: agent verb patient (SVO). A summary of features will be given in Section 1.3.


Each word stands by itself and cannot be modified in any way by other words or particles that are added. This means that there is neither declension nor conjugation in Tyl-Sjok nor any other form of stem modification.

Tyl-Sjok was designed to be as simple as possible and as easy to learn for people no matter what their mother tongue is. Many languages have influenced the author for the design of Tyl-Sjok. This is his second artificial language, which is hoped to be less complicated than his first one, Fukhian, although that language was absolutely free of irregularities, too, but in Fukhian, there are still too many rules.

Although Tyl-Sjok is designed to be simple, it is not meant to be a lingua franca for the inhabitants of the earth, but the goal of the design is to have a piece of art, an artificial language, that is elegant by its simplicity and expressiveness. One principle is that imprecise sentences are short and need a lot of context, but can be extended to express every shade the speaker wants to stress. Tyl-Sjok shall not be linked to any fictious culture, but is designed for humans.

Ancient Tyl-Sjok

The references to a fictious proto-Tyl-Sjok language, Ancient Tyl-Sjok, should be kept minimal. Only very few words (like numbers) should be constructed with a more primitive language underneath. Tyl-Sjok is meant to be an elegant language without irregularities from ancient times. It is the starting point for other languages to develop. This is why there shall not be words that are contracted from old words. Tyl-Sjok also should not have any loan words from other languages.

Currently, this goal is violated by numbers only, which are contracted from older words.


The main language that has influenced Tyl-Sjok is Mandarin Chinese, which is the most recent language the author has started to study before the creation of Tyl-Sjok. Mandarin grammar made many things in other languages seem superfluous and complicated. Aspects of many languages and the need for a grammar that is free of any irregularities then finally led to Tyl-Sjok.

The following list shows some aspects that seem to be a problem when learning a foreign language. Tyl-Sjok tries to eliminate (or at least minimise) the problem of all of them.

All these aspects have led to the structure Tyl-Sjok now has. It is intended to be as elegant as possible. The word for elegant by being simple and logical in Tyl-Sjok is `tyl': tyl. That's way Tyl-Sjok is called `tyl sjok' tyl sjok.

Feature Overview

  The following is a brief overview of features of Tyl-Sjok.

Natural Language

Throughout this document, phenomena of Tyl-Sjok may be explained as if it were a non-artificial language. For example, it is assumed that Tyl-Sjok is spoken somewhere, say in a country, and that one can distinguish dialects by locations in that country.

Another point is that development of the language is assumed to have occurred in the past.

This is not done in order to construct a fictional world where Tyl-Sjok is spoken, but to have a means of explaining and constructing the language in a more natural way.

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Home Up: Tyl-Sjok--An Artificial Isolating Human Previous: Preface Next: Pronunciation

Henrik Theiling
Sat Jun 9 18:52:24 CEST 2001