Tirkunan: Lexicon


A

ad before cons.: a prep. ad to, towards
-ak suff. -āticus, -a, -um -age {nominaliser, makes adjectives and nouns}, using ... like/by ... {often concretization/manifestarion of abstractum}
akit n. acētum vinegar; acid
akra n. aquila eagle
akur adv. hāc hōra now
ali n. alium garlic
altra adj. alter, -ra, -rum other
am v. amāre to love
ambil n. anguilla eel
-ament after vowel, l: -ment suff.adv. -a mentem -ly
amik n. amīcus, -um friend
amin interj. Amen
-an suff. -andus -ing {event, gerund maker}
-an suff.adj. -ānus, - a, -um pertaining to, -ly, -ry, -y, -ian
an n. annum year
andra v. *andilāre < *anditāre < {influence} ad-īre; ambulāre walk
andratur n. pedestrian
anel n. ānellus, -um ring
angel n. angellum angel
-ani suff.n. -ānia {generalises; makes collections/groups; makes countries}
ap n. aqua water
apest v. *appesta < {3sg} *appestāre to stink
api n. apium celery
apistan adj. stinking
a pru trada phr. see you later
aret n. arietem < {acc.} aries ram
Aret Sulan n. Sun Ram {mythical creature in Northern Europe}
-ari suff.n. -arius, -aria, -arium -arian, -ary, -aire {who/which believes in, or practises, or supports}
a rispet di adv. with respect to; concerning
ariva v. *arība < adrīpāre to arrive
ariva v.aux. to manage to do s.t.
a rivis phr. good bye, see you, so long
askrut v. *ascultāre < *auscultāre to listen
asur adj. *azzurrum skyblue {colour}
-at after vowel: -t suff.n. -atus -ee {patient maker}
-ati after vowel: -tiun, after s: -iun suff.n. -atiō, -atiōnem -ation {abstraction maker}
atinti attension
-atur suff.n. -ātōrem < {acc.} -ātōr -er {agent maker: who/which does ...}
ava v.aux. *abe < habet < {3sg.pres.ind.act.} habēre have {past tense auxiliary}
avis n. abyssus, -um abyss, deep

B

bal v. ballāre dance
balat n. dance
balatur n. dancer
bastun n. *bastōnem stick
beva v. bibere, bibō, bibī, bibitum drink
bin adv. bēne well; good
bindik v. benedictum be holy
Bindit n.prop. Benedictus Benedict
bin ke conj. although
bisti n. bēstia wild animal
bitul n. *betulla birch
bon adj. bonus, -um good
bosk n. boscus, -um forest
bova n. bovem < {acc.} bōs ox, bull
braki n. brachium arm
breba n. verbum verb; word
brem n. vermis, -em worm
brida adj. viridis, -em green {colour}
bril v. *brillare to shine
bru adj. {franc.} *blāo < {germ.} *blēwaz blue {colour}
bruga n. vulgus, -um people, folk {pej.}
brugan adj. vulgar, ordinary
brukan n. volcānum volcano
brut v. *volta < *voltare < {freq.} volvere to turn, to spin
budel n. *budella guts
buk n. *buca, *bucca mouth
bural n. boreālem < {adj.} boreās northern, north
butel n. *buticula bottle

D

datra n. dactylus, -um date {fruit}
Dehu n. deum God
dek num. decem ten
dent n. dēns, dentem tooth
deva v. *debe < debēre to owe, to be in debt
deva v.aux. must
di n. diēs, -em day
di prep. of, from, by
di- pref. de from, away, without, de-, un-
dik v. dīcāre, dīcō say
Dikembra n. December December {month}
diluvi n. dilūvium deluge
dipost prep. de postum after
diskus v. *discussa < *discussāre < {freq.} discutere to discuss
dit n. digitum finger
divat n. dev(a)+at debt
divatur n. dev(a)+ator debtor
diveni devēnīre become
divis v. *divīsa < *divīsāre < {freq.} divīdere divide, split
dromi v. *dormiə < dormīre to sleep
druk adj. dulcis, -em sweet
du num. duo two
duk v. dūcere lead {not used in isolation}
dun v. *dōna < dōnāre to give

E

-ekla after -r- suff.n. -iculum, -āculum {diminutive}
-ekra suff.n. -iculum, -āculum {diminutive}
eri v.cop. *eriə < erit < {3sg.fut.} esse will be
eri v.aux. {future passive marker}
eru adv. herī yesterday
es v.cop. *es < est < {3sg.} esse to be
es v.aux. {present passive marker}
esk' kul es pronounced like: eskul es phr. Is this ...?
esk' kul fu pronounced like: eskul fu phr. Was this ...?
esku before vowels and 'kul': esk' adv. es+kul+ki {yn question marker}
est n. {fr.} est < {germ.} *austan east

F

fabra n. faber, -rum smith
faga n. fāgus, -um beech
faki n. facies face
favur n. favor, favōrem favour
Fibrali n. Februārius February {month}
fik v. ...ficere < facere make, create
fik v.aux. ...ficere < facere make s.t. happen, make s.o. do s.t.
fikat n. ficātum liver
fil n. filum wire, thread
filat adj. fil(um)+ atum wired, online
fili n. filium, filia son, daughter
filik adj. fēlīcem happy
fimbra n. fēmina woman
fin n. end
fin akur so far, up to now
finekra n. finiculum fennel
fistra n. *fenstra < fenestra window
flar v. *flārāre < flāgrāre smell
flumbra n. flūmen, -inem river
flur n. flōs, flōrem flower
flus n. fluxus, -um flux
fok n. focus, -um fire
foli n. fōlium leaf
Franki n. Francia France
Frankian adj. French
frida adj. frīgidum cold
Friglater n. frigoriterra Þrjótur/Iceland
frok n. *forbicem < forficem scissors
from n. forma form
frot adj. fortis, -em strong; loud
fruket n. *forcetta < forca fork
frumak n. formāticum yoghurt
frun n. furnus, -um oven
frunari n. baker
frut n. fructus, -um fruit
frutun n. fortūna luck, fortune
fu v.cop. *fūə < fuit < {3sg.perf.act.ind.} esse was (past of 'to be')
fu v.aux. *fūə < fuit < {3sg.perf.act.ind.} esse {past passive marker}
fum n. fūmus, -um smoke
fut part. *fūtus, -um been {orig. participle of 'to be'} {it may be that this word is not needed for anything}

G

gel n. *gelum < gelū frost, nip
gines n. genesis, -em genesis
ginokra n. *genuculum < *geniculum < genū knee
glori n. glōria glory
goda v. *gaude < gaudēre enjoy
gradin n. (hortus) gardinus garden
graki n. *glacius, -um ice
gran adj. grandis, grandem large, big, grand
Gran Karla n.prop. Charlemagne
gras n. grassum fat
grava adj. gravis, -em serious, grave
gravitat n. seriousness, graveness, severity, earnest
Grimani n. Germania Germania
grisi adj. *grīseus, -um grey {colour}

I

-i suff.n. -ium {makes events or objects from verbs}
iak v. *iacə <iacere, iaciō, iēcī, iactum throw
Iamvari n. Ianuārius January {month}
id before cons.: i conj. et and
-ik suff.v. -icāre, {also with dropped f from} -ificāre {general denominaliser}, -ify, make {from adj.}
-il suff.v. -illāre, -illō {use to do something}
imant n. {fr.} aimant magnet
-in suff. -īna small, {variant}, {nominaliser}
-int suff. -ginta {forms numbers 20,...,90}
Ioni n. Iunius June {month}
istat n. aestatem summer
istra n. īnsula island
-itat after vowel, r, l: -tat suff.n. -tatem {abstraction suffix}
itren n. aeterno eternal
itrinitat n. aeternitatem eternity
Iuhan n. Iohannis, -em John
iun adj. iunctum joint, combined, united

J

jok n. iocum game (play)

K

ka conj. quia since, because
ka adv. quia here
kahos n. chaos
kal n. callis, callem street, road
kambra n. camera room
kan n. canem dog
kandu before vowel: kand' conj. quando when
kant v. cantāre to sing
kapet n. *capitia head
kapil n. *capillus, -u < caput + pilus hair
kapra n. capra goat
kar adj. cārus, -um dear, honoured; expensive
kas n. cāsus, -um case
kas v. *cāsə < cadere, cadō, cecidī, cāsum fall
kasi n. caseum cheese
kastel n. castellum castle
kat n. katum / kattum cat
kati v. *captiāre hunt
katra before vowel: katr' num. *quattore < quattuor four
katrint num. quadraginta fourty
katun before cons. except plosives: katu' det.indef. *cato + unum each
katun before cons. except plosives: katu' pron.indef. each one
katu' vik adv. each time
kava v. *cavāre dig
kaval n. caballus horse
ke conj. that {complement clause conjunction}
ke pron.rel. qui who, that, which
kel n. caelum sky; heaven
kent num. centum hundred
kimp num. quīnque five, 5
kimpint num. quiquaginta fifty
kindra n. cinis, cinerem ash
Kintil n. Quintīlis July {month}
kipul n. cepulla onion
kit v. *quita < {fr.} quittier to undo, to cancel, to take off {clothes}
kiutat n. civitās, -tem city, town
koda n. cauda tail
kok v. *coce < coquere, coquō, coxī, coctum cook
kol n. collus, -um neck
komu before vowel, b, and p: kom' adv. quomodo how
kont v. computāre to count, to tell
kontra before vowel: kontr' prep. contra against
kor n. cor, corem heart
koru n. corvum raven
koru maran n. corvus marīnus cormorant
kos n. *coxa, *cocsa thigh
krada adj. calidus, -a, -um warm
krakin n. calcina lime
kram v. clāmāre call
kran n. carnis, carnem meat
krau adv. cras tomorrow
krau n. clavem key
krekla n. circulus, -um circle
krem v. cremāre burn, burn up, incinerate, cremate
krik v. *circa < circāre search, seek
krisi n. ecclisia church
krivis n. *cervīsa < cervīsia beer
kroda n. chorda rope
kronu n. *cornuə < cornū horn
krop n. colpus, -um strike, beat, knock, punch, hit
krop v. *colpāre < {deriv.} colpus, -um strike, beat, knock, punch, hit
krup n. culpa guilt
krus v. *-clūdere, -clusum < claudere, clausum close
krut adj. curtum short
krutel n. cultellus knife
krutik v. **curtificāre cut, cut off, shorten
ku- pref. cōn- con-, with
kukari n. coquinarius cook
kukin n. coquina kitchen
kuklar n. cochleārium spoon
kukudril n. crocodile
kukul n. cucūlus cuckoo
kul dem. *eccullum < eccu illum this; that
kul ka dem. this
kul la dem. that
kumint v. *comintāre < {regularisation of} < *com+initiāre to begin
kuminti n. beginning
kun before cons.: ku prep. cum with
kungros v. cōgnōscere to know, to be acquainted to
kunikra n. cunīculus, -um rabbit
kup v. *cupāre {not used in isolation}
kupren v. comprehendere understand
kuput v. compūtāre compute
kur v. *curre < currere to run
kurik v. correct, fix
kus n. causa thing
kus n. causa cause, reason
kusedra v. cōnsiderāre consider
kustant adj. cōnstanter constant
kustra n. consulem consul
kuveni v. con+venīre to agree

L

la adv. *illa < illac there
labrint n. labyrinth
lak n. lacus lake
Lak Liman lacus lemānus Lake Geneva
lat n. lactem milk
Latin adj. latīnum Latin
Latin Brugan n. Vulgar Latin
lava v. lavāre wash
lavaprat dishwasher
le before vowels except after prepositions: l' pron. ille he, she, it; his, her, its
lega v. ligāre to bind
lega n. lex, legem law
lek v. lēctāre < legere to read
lepra n. lepus, -orem hare
les pron. le+s they; their
les v. laedere, laedō, laesī, laesus injure
li before vowels: l', after vowels: 'l det. ille, illa, illum, illam the (singular)
libra v. *lībera < liberāre liberate, free
lifant n. elephantus elephant
ligan adj. leg(em) + anum legal, pertaining to law
Liman adj. *allemānus, -a, -um German
Liman n. lemānum pertaining to the area around Geneva; usually misinterpreted as pertaining to Germany
Limani n. *allemānia Germany
limba n. lingua language; tongue
li pru adv. most {superlative}
lis det. ille, illa, illum, illam the (plural)
lisi n. injury
livel n. *lībellula dragonfly
loku conj. locō, {abl. of} locus, -um therefore
longa n. longum long
luk n. lucem light
lun n. lūna moon
lungitat n. length, longitude
Lustani n. Lūsitānia Lustany; Spain(?)
lut v. *luctāre < luctārī fight

M

m- before f,v,b,p pref. in- in-
ma adv. magis but
Mai n. Maius May {month}
mais adv. magis never
mal adj. malus, -um bad
man n. manus, -um hand
manda v. mandāre to send
mank v. *manducāre, *mandicāre to eat
mantil n. mantēlum cape, mantle, cloak
mar n. mare ocean, sea
maran adj. mar(īnus, -um) + ānum marine
marel adj. *amarellum yellow {colour}
mat v. *mactāre to kill
matin n. *matutīnum < *matūtus < māne morning
matra n. māter, -rem mother
Mbrati n. Martius March {month}
mbren n. invernum winter
mbrikat n. mercātum market
mbrikat di pruk flea market
mbros v. *morsāre < mordëre, morsum bite
mbrot n. mors, -tem death
mbrut v. in+volvere wrapped (in), involved
mbrut adj. multus, -a, -um much, many
mbrut ubligat phr. thank you very much
mfril adj. inferior inferior
mfriltat n. inferioritatem inferiority
mfrumatik n. *informatica computer science
mi pron. mi, me I; me; my
mil num. mille thousand
Milan n. Mediolanum Milan
milion num. milliōnem million
min adv. minus less
mir v. *mirāre look, look at, watch
mirak n. *mirāticum mirage, illusion, Fata Morgana
mirekla n. mirāculum miracle
mis n. mensem month
mitis adv. *medipsimus (by) oneself, (by) himself, (by) herself, by myself, (by) ourself, (by) yourself, self
mont v. *montare to mount; to ride
mont n. mōns, montem mountain
mori v. *mōriə < *mōrīre < mōrī die
mova v. movere move
mpir v. imperāre to rule, to reign
mpiri n. impērium empire
mprutant adj. importantem < {acc.} importāns important
mument n. mōmentum moment
mun n. mundum world
muntani n. *montānia mountain, mountain range
musik n. musicam music
musteri n. monastērium monastery, abbey, convent, cloister
mustra n. monstrum monster
muvati n. movement

N

nan n. nānus dwarf
nas n. nāsus, -um nose
nat v. natāre swim
Natal n. natālem Christmas
Ndrusi n. Andalusia
nduk v. indūcere lead into
nebra n. nebula fog, mist; nebula
negra adj. niger, nigrum black {colour}
neva n. nix, nivem snow
nfant n. infāns, infantem child
ngrel n. agnellum lamb
ngres adj. English
ngrul v. ignorare ignore
ni before vowels and plosives: n'; after vowels: 'n prep. in in, at, to, toward
ni- n- unless before m,n; not before f,v,b,p pref. in- in-
nimal n. anima:l, -em animal
nisun before cons. except plosives: nisu' pron.indef. ne ipsum unum none, nobody, nothing, no-one, not a single
nisun before cons. except plosives: nisu' det.indef. ne ipsum unum no, not a, not a single one
nivel n. *nivellum level
nivik v. to snow
n' kas ke conj. in case (that)
nkikrupedi n. encyclopedia encyclopedia
nkindra v. incinerate, burn to ashes
n' kul kas adv. in this/that case
non before cons.: no adv. non not, don't
no pi kul phr. you're welcome {reply to 'thank you'}, lit. 'not for that'
nor n. {fr.} nord < {germ.} norþan north
nort n. {lw. germ} north
nos pron. nōs we, us, our
not n. noctem night
nova before vowel: nov' num. novem nine
nova adj. novum new
nsingra v. *insignare to teach, to inform
nstant n. instantem instant, moment
ntra before vowel: ntr' prep. intra between
ntren adj. interna, internum internal
ntren n. interna, internum interior
ntres v. *interessare to interest
ntres n. interest
ntrisan interesting
nul num. nūllus, -a, -um zero
numbra n. nominem name
nump adv. nunquam never
nus det.num. unos some (plural indefinite article)
Nuvembra n. November November {month}
nuvint num. nonaginta ninety

O

od before cons.: o conj. aut or
odi v. audīre to hear, to listen
odiu adv. hodie today
okra n. oculus, -um eye
oli n. oleum oil
ombra n. hominem man
opra v. operāre to act, to operate, to function
or n. aurem {loan from unknown Romance language: would be 'ur'} gold
os n. *ossum < ōs, ōris bone
ot num. octō eight
ova n. ovum egg
ova conj. ubi where

P

pain n. pāgina page
pain di rit n. web page
pais n. pagensis, -em country, land
pak n. pāx, -cem peace
pal adj. aequālis, -em equal, same
pan n. pānis, -em bread
pank n. pāntex, pānticem belly
pap n. papa pope
parul n. *paravula < parabula word
pas v. *passa < {freq.} pandere, pandō, pandī, passum pass, pass by; happen
patra n. pater, -rem father
peda n. pedem < {acc.} pēs foot
pel n. pellem skin
pen n. penna feather
pepra n. piper, -rum pepper; chili
pet n. pectus, -um breast
pi before vowel: p' prep. per by; per; towards; to
pi- pref. per by; per; towards; to {also as p-}
pidokra n. *pēduculum < pēdiculus, -um louse
pidun v. per+donare to forgive
pi favur interj. please
pi frutun fortunately, luckily
pik n. pīcus, -um woodpecker
pi ka conj. per+quia because
pikra n. apīcula bee
pimba adj. pinguis, -em rich, fat, fertile, abundant
pin n. pēnis, -em penis
pi prak interj. per placere please
pirikla n. perīculum danger
piriklus adj. perīculōsum dangerous
pis v. *pēnsa < pendere, pensāre to think
pis n. pēnsum weight
pisan adj. heavy
pisanitat n. heaviness, gravity
pisk n. piscis, -em fish
piveni v. pervenīre reach
popra n. populum people, public, nation, folk
pos v.aux. be able to, can
posi v. *positare < ponere to put, to pose, to place, to lay
pot n. *potere strength, might, power, ability
prak v. placēre, placeē, placuī, placitum to please
pral v. speak
prat n. *plattus, -um dish; plate
prati n. platea square, place
preda v. perdere to lose
pren v. prehendere to take
pren n. perna leg
preti n. prētium price, cost
pri- pref. prae- pre-, before
Pril n. Aprīlis April {month}
prin adj. plēnus, -a, -um full, complete, rich, mature, filled {with: di}
prinkepi n. principium principle; beginning
prisent v. praesentāre to present, to show
priukup v. praeoccupāre to worry, to be concerned
privil n. primavera spring
prok n. porcus pig
prot n. porta door
protu n. portus harbour
pru adv. plūs more {comparative}
pru- pref. pro- pro-, for
pruk n. pūlex, pūlicem flea
prupusit n. propositum purpose, goal, aim
pruspla adj. prōsperum prosperous, flourishing, thriving, auspicious
puk adj. paucus, -a, -um little, few
Pul n.prop. Paulum Paul {personal name}
punial v. *pungiliāre < {deriv} pungere stab
put {not used in isolation} v. pūtāre {originally} clean; order; estimate; consider
putik n. apothecam shop, store
putik filat n. webshop

R

raba adj. albus, -um white {colour}
rabul n. arbōs, -rem tree
radik n. rādīx, rādīcem root
rak n. larix, -cem larch
rakun before cons. except plosives: raku' det.indef. *aliqu + unum some, any {singular}
rakun before cons. except plosives: raku' pron.indef. *aliqu + unum someone, anyone {singular}
rakus det.indef. *aliqu + unos some {plural}
rakus pron.indef. *aliqu + unos some things, some people, some {plural}
raku' vik adv. ever, sometimes
rapen n. āla + penna wing
reba n. herba grass, herbs
ri- pref. re-
rik v. *rēcə < *rēctare < {freq.} *rigere/*regere {not used in isolation}
rikungros v. rē+cōgnōscere to recognise, to admit, to confess
riligati n. religion
rinetra v. **rehinnitura < **rehinniturāre < {freq.} hinnīre to whinny, to neight
ringla n. rēgnum kingdom, reign
ris v. rīdēre, rīdēō, rīsī, rīsum laugh
risingra v. to resign, to give up
risis v. resistere to resist, to fight back
rispet n. respectum respect
rispir v. respīrāre breathe
rit n. rēte net, web (also WWW)
ritron v. to return
rivis v. re+videre see again
robla n. rōbur, -em oak
ros n. rosa rose
ruga n. rūga way, street, road
runali adj. ordinārius, -a, -um ordinary
rus n. ursus bear
rus adj. russus, -um red {colour}
rutim adj. ultima, ultimum last, ultimate

S

s- pref. ex- out, up
sa irr. optative form of 'es' v.cop. *saə < *siat < sit < {3sg.pres.subj.act.} let be
sa irr. optative form of 'es' v.aux. *saə < *siat < sit < {3sg.pres.subj.act.} {optative marker}
sal n. salt
salt v. *saltāre < salīre to jump
salu interj. salve Hello!
Salur Vekra n. {greek} Salauris Salur Vekra {city 16km from Trakunis}
samba n. sanguis blood
San Kikeli n.prop. Saint Cecily
sava v. sapio to know
se pron.refl. se oneself, myself, yourself, himself, herself, itself, ourselves, yourselves, themselves; one/you {impersonal pronoun, German: man, French: on}
sempra n. exemplum example
sent v. -sentāre -sent {not used in isolation}
sent v. *sedentāre to sit
ser n. evening
ses num. sex six
set num. septem seven
si conj. si if
siment n. {acc.} sēmen + t seed
sin before cons.: si prep. sine without
singra v. *signāre to signal {not used in isolation}
sipar v. separāre to separate
sis v. *sensāre < {freq.} sentīre to feel, to sense
sisati n. sensationem sensation
sisint num. sexaginta sixty
Sistil n. Sextīlis August {month}
Sitembra n. September September {month}
sitint num. septaginta seventy
sitman n. septimana week
skava v. *ex-scavāre dig up, excavate
skienti n. scientia science
skin n. {germ.} skina back
skol n. schola school
skroti n. *scorteus, -a, -um bark
skup v. *esconspuere < ex + con + spūere spit
sol before consonant: so adj. sōlum single, alone
sombra v. *somnāre < {regularisation of} somniāre to dream
sombri n. somnium dream
sopra before vowel: sopr' prep. *supere < super over, about
spir v. spīrāre to blow lightly
spraga n. esparāgus, -um esparagus
sprit n. spiritus, -um spirit, ghost
spus n. spōnsus, -a husband; wife
sta v.aux. *sta < stāre, stō {progressive marker}
stil n. stylum style
stil n. stēlla star
Stradeni n. Sardinia Sardinia
straseki n. salsicia sausage
stren adj. externa, externum external
stren n. externa, externum exterior
strep n. *serpem < serpens, serpentem snake
streva v. servīre, -servāre serve
stringa v. to tighten
stroba v. *sorbe < sorbēre to slurp
struk n. suricem (surex) mouse
sub before cons.: su prep. sub under
sufla v. sub+flāre to blow
suk v. *suca < *suctāre < sūgere, suctum suck
sul n. sōl, -em sun
sulan n. solāris, -em; +ānus, -um solar, sunny
sument adv. *sola mentem only, alone
supra- pref. super- super-, over-
suprapas v. *superpassāre to surpass
supril adv. {base of} *supriritātem < superioritātem superior
supriltat n. *supriritātem < superioritātem superiority
sur n. {fr.} sud < {germ.} suþan south
sut adj. subitus, -a, -um, {supine of} subēre sudden, immediate
sutu before vowel: sut' adv. subitō suddenly; immediately

T

Tali n. Itālia Italy
tali v. *taliāre cut, cut through, slice
talian adj. italiāna, -um Italian
talun n. heel
tant adj. tantum such
tau Old Terkunan: tamp adv. tamquam so, likewise
tembra n. tenebrae darkness
temp n. *tempus, -um < tempus, -orem time
ten v. *tene < tenēre, teneō have, hold
tent v. *tempta < temptāre to tempt; to attempt, to try
ter n. terra earth
test n. *testa head
ti pron. tē; tibi; tū, tūa, -us, -um thou, thee, thy, thine
tim v. timēre, timeō, timuī, *timitum fear
tintati n. *tenta(r)+ti < temptatiōnem temptation
Tirkunan n. {base 'ter' is folk etymology} Terkunan, Tarragonian {language name}
tori n. *turriem < turris, -em tower
tra v. *traə < trahere, trahō, trāxī, tractum pull
trada adj. tardus, -a, -um late
trak v. *tracə < *tractāre < {freq.} trahere, trahō, traxī, tractum treat, deal with
Trakunis n. *taracōnēnsis, -em Tarragona {city name}
tre num. trēs three
trint num. trīginta thirty
tro pron. tua horda thou, thee, thy, thine (representative)
tron v. tornāre to turn back, to turn into, to change, to become
tros pron. tro + s you, your (representative)
trova v. {prov.} trovar < *tropāre to find
tuk v. {prov.} tocar < *tōccāre to touch
tus pron. tu+s you, your (plural)
tut det.indef. tōtus, -um every, all
tut pron.indef. everyone, all, everything
tutur adv. always

U

ub- u- before vowel, r, l pref. ob- ob-
ublega v. ob-ligāre to oblige
ubligat interj. obligātus thanks, obliged
ukel n. *avicellus < *avicula < avis bird
ukup v. occupāre occupy
ulent adj. violentus violent
uman n. humānus, -um human being, person
ument v. augmentāre to raise, to augment, to increase
ump adv. unquam ever
un before cons. except plosives: u' det.num. ūna, -us, -um a, an, one
unest adj. honestum honest
ungra n. *ungula < unguis fingernail
unik adj. unicum unique
unkra n. avunculus, -um uncle
uprati n. operation
upratur n. operator
ur n. hōra hour
ureki n. *auricia < *auricla < auricula ear
-us suff.adj. -ōsum -ous, being _, having _
uskur adj. obscūrus, -um obscure
ustreva v. observāre observe
utint num. octoginta eighty
Utobra n. October October {month}
utumbra n. autumnum autumn, fall
uvel n. *ovella < ovis sheep
uvest n. {fr.} ouest < {germ} *westan west

V

va v. *vā < vādere, vādo, vāsi, vāsum {irregular drop of -s} go {no indication of type of movement}
va v.aux. *vā < vādere, vādo, vāsi, vāsum {irregular drop of -s} {imperative marker}
vain n. vagīna vagina
vak adj. vacuum void, empty, devoid of
vak n. cow
van prep. ab + ante before
vaskel n. *vāscella < vāscellum dishes
vekra adj. *vēclus < vetulus old
veni v. *veniə < venīre come
veni v.aux. will {future auxiliary}
vent n. ventus, -um wind
viak v. *viaticāre travel
viakatur n. traveller
viaki n. journey
vik n. *vicem < {acc.} vices time, turn, occasion
vik v. *vīcə < vīvere, vīvō, vīxī, vīctum to live, to exist, to dwell
vin n. vīnum wine
vini n. vīnea vine
vint num. viginti twenty
vir adj. *vērum < vērō true
virtat n. vēritātem truth
vis v. {freq.} *visāre < vidēre, visus see
vit n. vita life
vo pron. vos - s thou, thee, thy, thine (formal)
vol v. *volə < volat < {3sg.pres.ind.act.} volāre fly
vomi v. vōmere, vomitum vomit
vos pron. vōs you, your (formal, plural)
vuk n. vōx, -cem voice
vul v. *vulə < vult < {3sg.} velle to want
vulat n. wish

Index

June 7th, 2018
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