Ring E: 22/22: Asha'ille

Arthaey Angosii
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[ Asha'ille | Smooth English | Grammar | Vocabulary ]

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Asha'ille

Taragam

Vek'shatruv esa ne mlaiye ileiya 'sa dimacatá ne zin'e 'sa dogír sheló k', di'ay arishavyilaiye ósa n'edhyu: ve'latjio sirevdaiye ne hijith arigh, hyilokim, pajhen so'aefa, oshyen, gid, ura, krurás, yinaveth gana, shanago, acídh rilei, saetheth ttan'e. Dochishyiv ne arigh pajhen ve'dogír chi k', vesik'vae e'kath asardav ne krurás yinaveth gana ve'chi k'. T'vesik rúriv ne chi eyenim vedá'saetheth ttan, krurás, oshyen, yinaveth gana, rilei k', t'ves asardav ne arighith asárn ne eyenim. Vae'Imacatá lloshav aesam n'edh nom ne sshak, taragam. Vik'asardavaiye ne taragam vel'gid ura kkik, t'ves vek'vel a'ach rúriv n'om kes. Téjh, chat'nagov!


Smooth Translation

(Cresaean flora and fauna renamed to their closest Terran equivalents)

Raviolis

When you ask your mother from Imacatá how to make the tastiest meals, perhaps she will answer you thus: you will need beef, cooking stones, an onion, butter, oil, water, salt, pepper, Imacatá spices, hot sauce, and flour. Chop the meat and onion finely, then into that add a little salt and pepper. Then make little containers from the flour, salt, butter, pepper and sauce, and add the meat mixture to the containers. In Imacatá they call these things "raviolis." Now add the raviolis into the oil and water, and cook them until boiling. Enjoy, and do eat!


Grammar

Background

Asha'ille is spoken on a conworld, Cresaea, and as such their flora and fauna have no *exact* Terran equivalent. I've provided the closest Terran terms anyhow, since a huge treatise on Cresaean ecology isn't appropriate to a relay. :)

Syntax

Asha'ille has fairly strict VSO order and no case markings. S is separated from O by the word "ne," which always precedes the object(s), even when no subject is explicitly given. By convention, some verbs take two objects instead of using an adverbial phrase for one. In these cases, "ne" separates each object from one another, as well.

Multiple subjects for one verb (as would be joined with "and" in English) are listed serially in Asha'ille. If only two subjects are given, there is usually no comma separating them.

One-word adjectives precede nouns; multi-word adjective phrases follow nouns and are headed by a word that links the phrase to the word it describes. Adverbial phrases also obey this rule for determining whether they precede the verb or follow after it.

Adverbial phrases are always introduced with an opening adverb, and if the phrase is longer than a single word (not counting the adverb itself), then the phrase must also end with its closing adverb. These phrases may nest:

      ves'... vek'... kek kes

Closing adverbs are frequently contracted to just "k'," with inner closing adverbs of nested phrases tending to contract before outer closing adverbs:

      ves'... vek'... k' kes

Where two closing adjectives appear adjacent to one another, and the first would be contracted to "k'," they may be further contracted:

      ves'... vek'... kkes

Pronouns

Instead of a 1st-2nd-3rd person system, Asha'ille categorizes people into 7 levels of "closeness" (with three sub-categories of beneficial relationships, harmful relationships, and neutral relationships). The simplest category -- and the only relevant to this text -- is the neutral category:

CATEGORY CONJUGATION PRONOUN
self -naro naroln
close -aiye e<#>
distant -sóte ó<#>
generic -aerdh ae<#> (used where English might use passive)

The "<#>" means that a "number suffix" must be added to the stem to form a complete pronoun: "-sa" is #1, "-da" is #2, for example. These number-suffix–derived pronouns only temporarily refer to a specific person. The number chosen start with #1 for the first person mentioned, and increases as each additional person from the same subcategory is singled out for discussion. Once the conversation is over, these pronouns no longer refer to anything, because they exist only in context.

Adjectival Phrase Headers

The word "e'kath" heads a phrase that describes the indirect object.

The stem "alun-" plus a number suffix (say for #n) heads a phrase that describes the nth previous word. By far the most common of these is "alunsa," which heads a phrase describing the immediately preceding word. "Alunsa" is so common that it is usually contracted to just "'sa." A special number suffix, "-yu", applies to clause-level descriptions.

Orthography

Apostrophes have multiple uses in Asha'ille. They can mean any of:

  1. glottal stop, required between vowels that are not dipthongs.
  2. long consonant, only allowed after m, n, or l.
  3. morpheme binding, as between opening adverbs and their phrases
  4. contraction

Where "ne" is followed by a word beginning with an e (say, "eyen"), it is regularly contracted (to "n'yen," in this example).

Miscellaneous

All declarative sentences may colloquially end with an upward-inflected "'e." In common usage, however, it normally only appears at the end of a long list of serial objects.


Vocabulary

* see grammar notes below for an explanation

a'ach boiling
acídh hot
*ae-
*-aiye
arigh meat
arishav to answer
asardav to add (may take 2 objects: first is the thing being added, second is the thing being added TO)
asárn mixture
chat- polite imperative
chi small
*-da
di'ay future tense
diy- from (origin)
-d- future tense
dochishyiv to chop
dogír most
*e
*e-
edh this
eyen container (very generic term, more so than in English)
gana spice
gid oil
hiji a bovine-like animal
hyilok cooking stone
ileiya mother
-im plural (i drops when noun ends in a vowel)
Imacatá a region of Cresaea know for its cheese (and other food)
-ith adjectivizer (i drops when noun ends in a vowel)
krurás salt
-l- separates subject and object conjugations on the verb
latijo necessary
lloshav to call, to name
ml- possessive
nagov to eat
*ne
no it
*ó-
oshyen butter
pajhen so'aefa an onion-like plant
rilei sauce
rúriv to do, to make. to cook
*-sa
saetheth ttan flour (a specialty kind of flour, not normal flour)
shanago a spice used in Imacatá cooking
shatruv to ask how to do something (may take 2 objects: first is the person being asked, second is the topic being asked
about)
sheló tasty
sirev to have
sshak begins quotation
taraga a traditional Imacatá dish not unlike ravioli ;)
te and
téjh Enjoy!
ura water
ve generic adverbial clauses introducer; often used for manner (closing adverb ke)
vae where (closing adverb kae)
vedá from (closing adverb kedá)
vek when (closing adverb kek)
vek'vel until (closing adverb ke)
vel to, 'toward' (closing adverb (kel)
ves also, simultaneously (closing adverb kes)
vesik then (closing adverb kesik)
vik now (closing adverb kik)
-yi adds uncertainty or possibility to the action yinaveth gana a peppery spice
*-yu
zin'e meal

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June 14th, 2005
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