Ring E: 1/22: Ilaini

Irina Rempt
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[ Ilaini | Grammar | Vocabulary | Abbrevs. ]

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Ilaini

Huchei tabryshinan da folay fere

Myrea hostea custay, guzea, lidea, maryas so folay az dayen irashen. Li nysay. Huchea bylea crinay bodinan crina so li denay, carisinan so lidei rhasean. Maryis tacholsenan bireyn pythei amoyena folay. Ali relene rainei gynei amoyene murenay. Relen ayali huchei cathein cholsean denay. Ilea ilie dystay so boday. Rushtes ali denay so rustay datay soli.


Smooth Translation

Missing!

If you have this, please submit to Henrik.


Grammar

Ilaini is relentlessly SOV, where O can range from nothing at all to a complete sentence. In the present text some modifiers come after V, but that's an artifact of the style, which is formal/technical in a very specific field; in normal writing it's rare.

There are no articles. There is no copula in the present tense.

All verb forms in the text are second person singular present (imperfective); this is also used for the singular imperative.

There is no real difference between nouns and adjectives (and indeed I've glossed them all with 'n' though both functions occur).

Case marking
nominative [any] plural: -i-
genitive/ablative -ei- -eni-
dative/illative -e- -ene-
accusative -a- -ena-
locative/instrumental -ie- -ene-

(collective plurals have -in*- in all oblique cases instead of -en*-)

Nouns of class I ending in -e elide the ending before -ei and -ie but not before -a.

Nouns of class II ending in a consonant keep that consonant in all cases, after the case marker.

Nouns of class II in -yn and -ys merge the case ending with semivocalic -y- (-ys, accusative -yas).

Nouns of class III (without an ending in the nominative singular) have the case endings affixed directly to the root.

The use of "and": two constituents in the same phrase are connected like this:

[CONST] so [CONST]

and two phrases like this:

[PHRASE1] [PHRASE2CONST1 so PHRASE2CONST2]

that is, 'so' comes *after* the first constituent of the second phrase. From another text in the same genre: _ali so myray_ "and grind them".


Vocabulary

a- equative prefix "as... as" (with ablative)
ali 3rd person plural neuter object pronoun - them
ayali every, all
az preposition with the dative - with
biryn nII nut
boda to stick, to glue
bryshen nII pie (from brych-sen, "crust-thing")
byl nIII cooked, done
carisin nIIc spices
cathen nII mixture
cholsen ball
crin chopped, in small pieces crina - to chop, to cut up
custa to take, to get
da [verb] fere in order to, so that
datay until
dayen nII water
dena to aput
dysta to cover
fola to make
guz nIII oil
gyn nIII extended, spread out
host nIII white
huch nIII meat
ile nI half
irashen nII a dozen (literally "a count of twelve"), (with non-count nouns) enough
li 3rd person singular neuter object pronoun - it
lid nIII salt
marys nIII paste, dough
moy nIII large, big
mura to flatten
myr nIII flour
nysa to put away, to set aside
pyth nIII brain (biryn pyth: walnut)
rain nIII hand
rel nIII round, circle
rhasen nII a little, a bit
rusta to bake
rushtas nII oven (from rust-yas, "bake-place")
so and
sol nIII gold, golden
ta- diminutive prefix

Abbreviations

n noun or adjective,
Roman numerals noun classes,
c collective noun with variant plural form)

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June 17th, 2005
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