Tesяfkǝm: A Constructed Language (S11)
Tesяfkǝm is a constructed human language. It contains only intransitive verbs (you might call them postpositions), nouns, and particles. Clauses are composed by serial verb construction (SVC) of noun-verb compounds. The morphology is agglutinative in nature, probably to the extent of qualifying as polysynthetic, that's not yet decided.
Tesяfkǝm is an artificial human language with the following properties:
- a-priori: not derived from any other language
- open case system / no case system: the verbs are the case endings, meaning all verbs are intransitive
- syntax: head-last, OV, serial verb constructions, topic before comment.
- morphology: head-last, compounding(?), derivation, suffixes only.
- agglutinative / polysynthetic(?) (not yet decided)
- most morphemes are either affixes or clitics. Basically, only nouns start new words.
- alienable vs. inalienable possession distinction
- mood/evidence, speech act, and aspect are mandatory, most other categories are optional
- self-segregating phonology/morphology
- LALR(1) parsable syntax, i.e., there is a bison grammar
- only one open lexical class: nouns and verbs are distinguished in morphology, but each noun is usable as a verb and vice versa, so there is only one lexicon entry for a noun/verb pair.
While my previous languages where mostly regular, with some occasional complex phonetic rules in Qþyn|gài triggered by 'hidden phonemes', Tesяfkǝm contains irregular construct states of nouns and quite an amount of complex harmony and sandhi rules, which are regular, but still complex.