Ring E: 3/22: Kélen

Sylvia Sotomayor
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[ Kélen | Smooth English | Grammar | Vocabulary ]

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la jajémi jakíli anhóhíke honahan;

ñi anrajúti pa é anéhhohi anráéli í anníli í ancói í anhári cí; ñi jáo jasóþíke cí; ñi ankóni anpéri pa é jakíla jatahóha í jamárre ánen é jaNáNNi í jacói pé cí; ñi jacáori jé jaméña aníñón pa anrajúti cí; ñi jacáori jamómi cí tó túaþ ñi jawélri jé jakú aníñón cí; ñi jacáori pa anñántiwi ankíli sú jawélri nára ól cí; ñi jawélri sú jawélri nára ól cí aþ ñi jáo anáníki cí; ñi jáo rá jajútíhen mé cí; ñi jahóhíki cí il órra ñi jalónneji; il ñi jahóhi il réha ñi jajémi jakíli;

Smooth Translation

This is a way of cooking meat pastries.

Make dough of white flour, oil, salt, and water. Set this aside. Make small, cut up pieces of cooked meat and onion, with spices and some salt. Make balls the size of nuts with the dough. Make the balls flat so that they become circles the size of a hand. Make balls of the meat mixture on top of each of the circles. Put circles on top of each of the circles and then put these together. Put these into the oven. Cook until golden brown. When done, (these) will become meat pastries.



ja- + -NULL/-a/-e thing, piece, singular noun
ja- + -i things, pieces, plural noun (default for liquids & masses)
an- + -i set, pieces, collective noun
an- + -NULL/-a/-e state, event

For example, using the substantive root -kíl-, ja-kíl-a would be a piece of meat, ja-kíl-i pieces of meat, an-kíl-i a set of pieces of meat, and an-kíl-a the state of being meat or meat-ness.

N N juxtaposition: If the two (or more) nouns are all of identical inflection, then they all refer to the same entity, so ja-kíl-a ja-móm-a would refer to a flat piece of meat. If the nouns are of differing inflections, then the following noun is an attribute or a part of the preceding noun. so ja-kíl-a an-móm-a would be: a piece of meat, it's flatness.

Word Order (X marks a phrase or clause):

Clause: [Conj] [Clausal-Mod] Relational Noun X [Mood]
Phrases: Noun [Mod]
Noun Noun
X Prep X [Post]
Conj X Conj X

A semi-colon is used to mark the end of a sentence.


la indicates that the following noun exists. ñi indicates that the following noun has undergone a change of state or location.

Mood Markers

cí indicates an exhortation or a polite command or a commitment to the preceding statement on the part of the speaker or the listener.


honahan some/any manner/means/method/way, somehow
jáo this, that, these, those (agrees w/ any inflection)


Precede the noun or phrase they connect.

then, and then (sequential conjunction. é...aþ means and...then)
é and (often precedes a noun that is followed by another conjunction, thus linking the nouns together)
il when, then, during, until (marks a period of time. When used to begin each clause in a sentence, il...il means when...then.)
í and also (é...í means and...and)
tó túaþ in order that, so that


Mark phrases that modify the noun they follow.

ánen with
(a generic preposition, has such a wide range of meaning that most uses are idiomatic. If you can't figure it out from context, email me.)
pa of, having (part/whole relational/preposition. As a preposition it indicates that the following noun or noun phrase or clause is a part or piece or attribute of the preceding noun or noun phrase.)
to, towards
at, on, in


Modify the preceding noun.

in, into, inside
nára all, each, every, whole
ól on, over, up, top
some, little, few

Clausal Modifiers

Modify whole clause or sentence.

réha (future marker)
órra (completed/past marker)


Inflected Substantive Roots

-áník- put together
-cáor- sphere, ball
-có- salt
-éhhoh- flour
-hár- water
-hóh- done, ready (to eat), edible
-hóhík- make edible, cook
-íñón- size
-jém- pastry
-jútíhen- oven
-kíl- meat
-kón- small piece
-kú- hand
-lónnej- golden brown
-márr- onion
-méñ- nut
-móm- flat
-níl- oil
-ñántiw- mix
-NáNN- spice
-pér- cut, cut up
-rajút- dough
-ráél- white
-sóþík- set in place
-tahóh- already cooked
-wélr- circle, round

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June 14th, 2005
Comments? Suggestions? Corrections? You can drop me a line.