Ring E: 7/22: Ikanirae Seru
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na rokiya iketuneroka e
otu nako ki yesa ihino a:
[otu tera hoori ro ketu to esa mekano o:__________]**
[otu tera hoori ro yiroku to esa mekano o:__________]
**About the bracketed sentences: in transmitting this text to the next participant in the Relay, you may translate your hoori; you may wish to offer similar ihoori of iketu and yiroku, or those of your own rokiya.
About making meat-wraps
You must have these things:
[Write choice of meat in this place:___________]**
[Write choice of spices in this place:__________]
**About the bracketed sentences: in transmitting this text to the next participant in the Relay, you may translate your choice; you may wish to offer similar choices of meat and spices, or those of your own making
Ikanirae Seru has exactly one inflection: nouns and pronouns are pluralized by prefixing y- before a vowel and i- before a consonant. This is entirely regular.
There are no articles. Third person pronouns distinguish 4 genders or animacy classes, broadly characterized as "personal/rational" |eki|, "animate non-personal" |aku|, "living inanimate" |sera| and "non-living" |roha|. It�s actually messier than that, though. For example, stars take the “personal/rational” pronouns, while foods take the “living inanimate” pronoun, as do other materials clearly derived from dead plants and animals, such as wood and leather. There are no masculine/feminine distinctions, and animacy classes are not distinguished in first and second person pronouns.
Ikanirae Seru makes a lot of use of compound words. In many cases I've only given vocabulary entries for the separate elements in the compounds, and not for the entire compound. I think it's fairly straightforward, but if it isn't and it gives you trouble, email me.
Every Ikanirae Seru sentence ends with a sentence-type marker, which takes the place of sentence-final punctuation. Three of these are used in this text: |a| marks statements, and corresponds roughly to periods, colons and semicolons in English punctuation; |e| is referred to as an exclamation marker, but it is used to mark both exclamations and incomplete sentences; |o| marks requests and commands (i.e. imperatives). In imperatives, the 2nd person subject is not omitted. (This text does not contain the question marker |i| or the formal statement marker |u|.)
Word order is strictly SVO. Adjectives precede nouns. Prepositions, not postpositions are used.
Relative clauses are introduced by |se| "that". Ikanirae Seru really doesn't like leaving out subjects or objects, so the relativized element is represented by a pronoun in the relative clause. Here are a couple examples:
|(the) boy that I see|
|(the) boy that sees me|
|a||STATEMENT MARKER (see grammar notes)|
|e||EXCLAMATION/INCOMPLETE SENTENCE MARKER (see grammar notes)|
|iroku||spice, herb, strong flavouring|
|katatemeti||filling (literally, in-food)|
|ke||by, by means of|
|miira||sea water, salt water|
|nako||must, have to|
|nona||all, whole (‘all’ before plural, ‘whole’ before singular)|
|ratini||household water, tap water|
|rokiya||make, create, cause|
|saa||palm (of hand)|
|se||RELATIVE CLAUSE MARKER (see grammar notes)|
|takakuu||liquid food without pieces (e.g. custard, juice, blended|
|to||at, PREPOSITION INDICATING LOCATION|
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