Ring E: 7/22: Ikanirae Seru

Estel Telcontar
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[ Ikanirae Seru | Smooth English | Grammar | Vocabulary ]

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Ikanirae Seru

na rokiya iketuneroka e

otu nako ki yesa ihino a:

  • ketu e: mumuketu ko sinekaketu ko huasuketu ko hioriketu e
  • esoha e
  • ratini e
  • moyosimeo e
  • miirasouta e
  • tasino e
  • ate sanehu e
  • aiko e
  • kumina e
  • akemitakakuu e

[otu tera hoori ro ketu to esa mekano o:__________]**

[otu tera hoori ro yiroku to esa mekano o:__________]

katatemeti e

  • otu nitani ketu ti tasino ti aiko o
  • otu rokiya katatemeti one ketu ti moyosimeo ti tasino ti ate sanehu ti
  • aiko ti kumina ti akemitakakuu o
  • otu tosa nona yesa ihino kata naiso o

teike e

  • otu rokiya teike one esoha ti ratini ti moyosimeo ti miirasouta ke kasimasi isera o
  • otu rokiya teike nesatu sumari imirari one ihuuta o
  • otu rokiya imirari nesatu rako otaa yoimi one isaa o

haro e

  • otu ruta katatemeti ra yoimi ro teike one yasako o
  • otu amuma yekota haro o
  • otu ruta isera ra tuikanaiso se otu ruta meo to roha o
  • otu ruta isera kata tuika ti tuikatosa isera o
  • kori isera nesatu morisa, otu tame isera o

**About the bracketed sentences: in transmitting this text to the next participant in the Relay, you may translate your hoori; you may wish to offer similar ihoori of iketu and yiroku, or those of your own rokiya.


Smooth Translation

About making meat-wraps

You must have these things:

  • meat: beef or snail-meat or rabbit-meat or mushroom-meat
  • flour
  • tap water
  • olive oil
  • sea salt
  • onion
  • white pepper
  • garlic
  • cumin
  • lemon juice

[Write choice of meat in this place:___________]**

[Write choice of spices in this place:__________]

Filling

  • Cut meat and onion and garlic.
  • Make the filling with meat and olive oil and onion and white pepper and
  • garlic and cumin and lemon juice.
  • Cook all these things in a pot.

Dough

  • Make the dough with flour and tap water and olive oil and sea salt by mixing them.
  • Make the dough into small balls with your hands.
  • Flatten the balls into big circles with your palms.

Together

  • Put filling on circles of dough with a spoon.
  • Pinch edges together.
  • Put them on a baking-pan that you put oil on.
  • Put them in the oven and bake them.
  • When they become brown, eat them.

**About the bracketed sentences: in transmitting this text to the next participant in the Relay, you may translate your choice; you may wish to offer similar choices of meat and spices, or those of your own making


Grammar

Inflections

Ikanirae Seru has exactly one inflection: nouns and pronouns are pluralized by prefixing y- before a vowel and i- before a consonant. This is entirely regular.

Pronouns, Articles

There are no articles. Third person pronouns distinguish 4 genders or animacy classes, broadly characterized as "personal/rational" |eki|, "animate non-personal" |aku|, "living inanimate" |sera| and "non-living" |roha|. It�s actually messier than that, though. For example, stars take the “personal/rational” pronouns, while foods take the “living inanimate” pronoun, as do other materials clearly derived from dead plants and animals, such as wood and leather. There are no masculine/feminine distinctions, and animacy classes are not distinguished in first and second person pronouns.

Compounds

Ikanirae Seru makes a lot of use of compound words. In many cases I've only given vocabulary entries for the separate elements in the compounds, and not for the entire compound. I think it's fairly straightforward, but if it isn't and it gives you trouble, email me.

Syntax

Sentence-Type Markers

Every Ikanirae Seru sentence ends with a sentence-type marker, which takes the place of sentence-final punctuation. Three of these are used in this text: |a| marks statements, and corresponds roughly to periods, colons and semicolons in English punctuation; |e| is referred to as an exclamation marker, but it is used to mark both exclamations and incomplete sentences; |o| marks requests and commands (i.e. imperatives). In imperatives, the 2nd person subject is not omitted. (This text does not contain the question marker |i| or the formal statement marker |u|.)

Word Order

Word order is strictly SVO. Adjectives precede nouns. Prepositions, not postpositions are used.

Relative Clauses

Relative clauses are introduced by |se| "that". Ikanirae Seru really doesn't like leaving out subjects or objects, so the relativized element is represented by a pronoun in the relative clause. Here are a couple examples:

rao se uti koimu eki
boy that I see him
(the) boy that I see

rao se eki koimu uti
boy that he see me
(the) boy that sees me

Vocabulary

a STATEMENT MARKER (see grammar notes)
aiko garlic
akemi lemon
amuma pinch, squeeze
ate white
e EXCLAMATION/INCOMPLETE SENTENCE MARKER (see grammar notes)
ekota edge
esa this
esoha flour
haro together
hino thing
hiori mushroom
hoori choice, choose
huasu rabbit
huuta hand
iroku spice, herb, strong flavouring
kasimasi mix
kata in
katatemeti filling (literally, in-food)
ke by, by means of
ketu meat
ki have
ko or
kori when
kumina cumin
mekano place
meo oil
miira sea water, salt water
mirari ball
morisa brown
moyosi olive
mumu cow
na about
naiso pot, pan
nako must, have to
neroka wrap
nesatu become
nitani cutok
nona all, whole (‘all’ before plural, ‘whole’ before singular)
o IMPERATIVE MARKER
oimi circle
one with
otaa flat
otu you
ra on
rako big, large
ratini household water, tap water
ro of
roha it (‘inanimate’)
rokiya make, create, cause
ruto put
saa palm (of hand)
sanehu pepper
se RELATIVE CLAUSE MARKER (see grammar notes)
sera it (‘living’)
sineka snail
souta
sumari small, little
takakuu liquid food without pieces (e.g. custard, juice, blended
soup)
tame eat
tasino onion
teike dough
tera write
ti and
to at, PREPOSITION INDICATING LOCATION
tuika oven
yasako spoon

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June 14th, 2005
Comments? Suggestions? Corrections? You can drop me a line.
zpentrabvagiktu@theiling.de
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