Ring E: 10/22: Zhyler

David J. Peterson
[ Relay 11 | Ring E | Ring N/X | Conlangs | Participants ]
[ Zhyler | Smooth English | Grammar | Vocabulary ]

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Zhyler

"veNwi zyrbenejef manal"

(I) doblantSodu: leje maNgaGaja pasak.

  1. menejvena veNwir
  2. n2Dbener
  3. iSwitSudu ulutSur
  4. laNwMr
  5. dZabwMr
  6. Sezasjar
  7. itwinM tSuwwMr
  8. d2dZjor
  9. zowkiswir
  10. kMzwMr

(II) ropaltSodu

  1. gaGalepejeb2S veNwir, d2dZjor, Sezasjarnam edZet.
  2. ulutSuz veNwir, laNwMr, Sezasjar, itwinM tSuwwMr, zowkiswir, kMzwMrnam dep.

(III) benSabanajar dZaltSodu

  1. n2Dbener, iSwir, laNwMr, dZabwMrnam dep.
  2. leje maNgaGajb2S tSymSulypejejer etS.

(IV) veNwi zyrbenejer dZaltSodu

  1. benSabanMk roppanar uwi detSa, ame obDajajar Divi jop.
  2. yzM manSas zyrbenejer no, ame Zeza wurutjujlaj man.
  3. volanaz zyrbeneje g2mbes, dZimwit manSar noGen: jeje n2ng2v-iSi meklen!

(V) detej vesteGaja:

menejvena veNwir dora veNwis 2l2gb2, 2l2gdel. werven veNwi, kojven veNwi, Sykjutin ejan. neme zowkiswir renjas 2l2gdel.


Smooth Translation

"How to Cook Meat Wraps"

(I) Preparation: Gather these ingredients.

  1. deer meat
  2. wheat flour
  3. a bowl for water
  4. olive oil
  5. salt
  6. onion
  7. white pepper
  8. garlic
  9. a spice made from Fructus Schisandrae
  10. lemon extract

(II) Stuffing

  1. Cut the meat, onion and garlic into small chunks.
  2. Mix the meat, olive oil, onion, white pepper, Fructus Schisandrae spice and lemon extract together in a mixing bowl.

(III) To Make the Wrappers

  1. Mix the wheat flour, water, olive oil and salt together.
  2. Form little balls out of these ingredients.

(IV) To Make the Meat Wraps

  1. Spoon stuffing onto the wrappers in a circular fashion, and pinch the ends together.
  2. Put the wraps on a greased tray, and cook them over hot coals.
  3. When the wraps turn gold, remove them from the fire: This is when they're at their tastiest!

(V) Some Notes

If you wish, you may swap deer meat with another type of meat. Wolf meat, rabbit meat, or a portabella mushroom works well. Additionally, green onion may be swapped for the Fructus Schisandrae spice.


Grammar

Suffixes

Plural

-j/-aj/-ej/-aja/-eje/-ajaj/-ejej

Noun Cases

Nominative -- (no suffix)
Accusative -r/-ar/-er
Dative -s
Genitive -f/-uf/-yf
Locative -k/-ik/-yk/-Mk/-uk
Abessive -t/-it/-yt/-Mt/-ut
Inessive -z/-az/-Mz (to be *in* something)
Enessive -s/-s2/-sy/-sa/-sM (to be *on* something)
Supressive -laj/-lej/-naj/-nej (to be *above* something)
Purposive -tSot/-tSut/-tSodu/-tSudu (in order to x, for x, because of x)
Adverbial -e/-i/-se/-si
Conjunctive -nam/-nem (e.g., "x, y, z-nam" = "x, y and z")
Discriminatory -ten/-tin (e.g., "x, y, z-ten" = "x, y or z")
Comprisative -byS/-b2S (to be comprised of some material)

Adjectival Cases

Nominative -- (no suffix)
Nonnominative -- (if adj. ends in a vowel)/-a/-M
Adverbial -e/-i/-se/-si

Grammar Notes

I'm going to kind of list things that will be important. Everything else can be gleaned from the website.

Word order is SOV. Adjectives precede nouns; adverbs directly precede verbs (unless they're adverbs of time, in which case they can come at the beginning of the sentence); possessors precede possessees; subjects (and objects) can be omitted if they're understood, or unimportant.

Adjectives precede the nouns they modify. They agree with the nouns in case to a certain degree. Adjectives have special adjectival cases (detailed in the adjectives section of the website), two of which appear in this text. The first is the nominative adjectival case. Any adjective that modifies a noun in the nominative is in the nominative adjectival case. There is no ending for this case. The other case is the nonnominative case. Any time an adjective modifies a noun that's in any other case than the nominative it's put into the nonnominative case. The nonnominative case is marked with a final /-a/ for adjectives that end in a consonant, and by nothing for adjectives that end in a vowel.

The infinitive ending of a verb (either /-l/, /-n/, /-al/, /-el/, /-an/ or /-en/) can be glossed as a noun, or "to x". It serves both functions, in most cases.

This entire text is in the unmarked tense. This tense serves a variety of functions, including: (i) simple present; (ii) narrative past/future; (iii) imperative; (iv) impersonal. When it comes to translating your text, you need not be confined to the present; choose whichever tense (or voice) fits best. [I add "voice", because there's often an assumed subject, or none at all, so some sentences may be best translated as passive, even though they're active sentences.]

The object argument of the verb /mek/, "to be", takes the adverbial adjectival case (if the object is an adjective).

Since stress isn't marked, there's no marked difference between a noun and its corresponding nominal adjective. Use your best judgment.


Vocabulary

ame (conj.) and then, next
benSaban (n.) a wrapper for a food (seaweed for sushi; tortilla for a burrito, etc.)
d2dZjo (n.) garlic (the bulb)
dep (v.) to mix (together)
det (adj.) some
detSa (n.) spoon; (v.) to use a spoon to ladle, to spoon, to ladle
doblan (n.) preparation, making things ready
dor (adj.) another, other
dZabwM (n.) salt (used for eating)
dZal (n.) making; (v.) to make
dZimwi (n.) fire
Divi (adv.) together
edZet (v.) to cut up (used with the comprisative, to cut into x [slices, pieces, etc.])
ejan (v.) to work well, to be all right, to be okay, to be (as) good
etS (v.) form/make
gaGalep (n.) small piece, chunk
g2mbes (v.) to become golden
iSwi (n.) water
itwin (adj.) white
jeje (adv.) now, at this time
jop (v.) to pinch
kMzwM (n.) lemon juice, lemon extract (no difference)
kojven (n.) rabbit; (adj.) rabbit (e.g., "a *rabbit* tail")
laNwM (n.) olive oil
le (dem.) this
manal (n.) cooking; (v.) to cook
maNgaGa (n.) ingredient (for a recipe)
manSa (n.) tray, cookie sheet
meklen (v.) to be the most x (takes adjectival compliment)
menejven (n.) deer; (adj.) deer (e.g., "a *deer* tail")
-nam/-nem (suf.) and (e.g., "x, y, z-nam" = "x, y and z")
neme (adv.) also, additionally
no (v.) to place
noGen (v.) to remove
n2Dben (n.) flour (specifically wheat flour)
n2ng2v-iS (adj.) tasty, tantalizing
obDa (n.) side, edge
2l2gb2 (v.) want to switch, want to switch (e.g., "you *want to switch*
this-ACC. for that-DAT.")
2l2gdel (v.) may switch, may swap (e.g., "you *may switch* this-ACC. for
that-DAT.")
pasak (v.) to collect, to assemble, to gather
renja (n.) green onion, chive
ropal (n.) stuffing, fill; (v.) to stuff, to fill
Sezasja (n.) onion (the demon vegetable)
Sykju (n.) portabella mushroom
-ten/-tin (suf.) or (inclusive or)
tSuwwM (n.) pepper
tSymSulyp (n.) small ball
ulutSu (n.) big mixing bowl
uw (adj.) circular
veNwi (n.) meat; (adj.) meat (e.g., "a *meat* patty")
vesteGa (n.) note, pointer, tip
volanaz (adv.) when, if, at the time that
werven (n.) wolf; (adj.) wolf (e.g., "a *wolf* tooth")
wurutju (n.) coal
yz (adj.) oily, greasy
zowkiswi (n.) a particular type of spice/seasoning made from Fructus
Schisandrae, typified by its sour, bittersweet taste (and slightly salty)
zyrben (n.) a wrapped food (e.g., a burrito, a gyro, sushi--any of those)
Zez (adj.) hot

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June 16th, 2005
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zpentrabvagiktu@theiling.de
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